Paul Panhuysen

Sound art pioneer (1934 – 2015) | Netherlands

Paul Panhuysen (Netherlands), who died in 2015, was one of the pioneers of multimedia sound art. He first studied art at the Jan van Eyck Academie in Maastricht from 1954 to 1959. Afterwards, he devoted himself to studying the sociology of art at the University of Utrecht until 1961. In Leeuwarden he worked as director of the School of Applied Arts, curated in The Hague and Eindhoven. Influenced by Situationism, he became one of the leading members of the second generation of the international Fluxus movement. Starting with painting, he expanded his spectrum in the late 1960s by working with media, in urban planning and music, founded artists’ associations and became involved in numerous committees as well as in museum education. He is also one of the protagonists of time-based arts with hundreds of performances and worked with the Maciunas Ensemble. He has also worked intensively with generatively produced music. Together with his wife Hélène, he founded the artist platform “Het Apollohuis” in Eindhoven in 1980, which closed in 2001 and whose archive is looked after by the ZKM.